Dr. Kaelin is a 2010 Canada Gairdner International Award Recipient. He is a Howard Hughes Medical Investigator since 1998, a member of the American Society of Clinical Investigation and the American College of Physicians. He recently served on the National Cancer Institute Board of Scientific Advisors, the AACR Board of Trustees, and the Institute of Medicine National Cancer Policy Board. He is a recipient of the Paul Marks Prize for cancer research from the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Prize from the AACR, and a Doris Duke Distinguished Clinical Scientist award. In 2007 he was elected to the Institute of Medicine and in 2010 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.