■ 15 – 20 minutes: The onset of anesthesia begins at this point. The feeling of numbness is starting to spread out in the target area.
■ 45 – 60 minutes: The anesthesia has infiltrated the entire target area. The loss of sensation in the superficial layer prevents any feeling of pain or discomfort. Quick and simple dermal procedures can be performed at this stage.
■ 60 – 90 minutes: The peak of anesthesia effect. In most cases, this is the best time to start a more complex dermal procedure because the efficacy is at its highest.
■ 90 – 120 minutes: The duration of maximum anesthesia effect is approximately sustained up to this point.
■ 120 – 180 minutes: The anesthesia effect will gradually diminish. Re-application is highly recommended for another extended period of time.
Steroids killed nine-year-old Lexie McConnell after only five and a half weeks. In August 1993, Lexie was diagnosed as having toxoplasmosis. The consultant put her on 80 mg per day of prednisolone. Immediately, she suffered severe side effects, huge weight gain , terrible pains, holes in her tongue and black stools. After nearly a month, at her parents' pleading, the doctors quickly lowered the dosage to 60 mg, 40 mg, 20 mg. In excruciating pain, Lexie was taken to a hospital, where it was discovered she'd contracted chickenpox. Four days later, she died. A few years later, another eye specialist declared that a simple course of antibiotics could have cleared up her infection. The above excerpt is from Ursula Kelly's site
In studies lasting 6 to 12 weeks, topical diclofenac and topical ketoprofen were significantly more effective than carrier for reducing pain; about 60% of participants had much reduced pain. With topical diclofenac, the NNT for clinical success in six trials (2343 participants) was (95% confidence interval ( CI ) to 16) (moderate quality evidence). With topical ketoprofen, the NNT for clinical success in four trials (2573 participants) was ( to ) (moderate quality evidence). There was too little information for analysis of other individual topical NSAIDs compared with carrier. Few trials compared a topical NSAID to an oral NSAID , but overall they showed similar efficacy (low quality evidence). These efficacy results were almost completely derived from people with knee osteoarthritis.