Confirmed steroid users

Then, looking to cash in, Canseco brought the entire baseball universe to its knees. He ratted everyone out and people called him a liar. Love him or hate him, Jose was the realest of them all. Everybody from the fans to the commissioner were guilty. The higher-ups allowed the steroid culture to exist for that green piece of paper and they'll be lying if they said different. Case in point: Major League Baseball began testing for steroids for the first time in 2003 under guidelines in which the results were to remain anonymous with no penalties imposed. What type of soft shit is that? If none of these players on this list are allowed in Cooperstown , neither should any of the managers or the execs that were associated with them, especially Bud Selig .

He came up with it after years of studying steroid users in Boston-area gyms and comparing them not just to non-steroid users in the same gyms, but also to bodybuilders from different eras. For a 1995 study, Pope and his coauthors estimated the FFMIs of Mr. America winners from 1939 to 1959, before steroids were readily available. The group includes future B-movie star Steve Reeves, whose physique was so iconic that he was name-checked in The Rocky Horror Picture Show . The average FFMI was . (One of the highest was George Eiferman, Mr. America 1948, with a FFMI. His upper body was later the model for George of the Jungle, a 1960s cartoon character.) Even today, with all we’ve learned about training and nutrition, an FFMI in the mid 20s is still considered the ceiling for natural bodybuilders. Anything above 26 or 27 is suspect.

The Story: In February 2005 Canseco released his autobiography and steroid tell-all, Juiced , Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits, and How Baseball Got Big. In it he described himself as 'the chemist' having experimented on himself for years. He claimed to have educated and personally injected many players including Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Juan Gonzalez, Ivan Rodriguez, and Jason Giambi. In his second book, Vindicated , Canseco added Magglio Ordonez to the list of players he had educated and injected with steroids. He also said he introduced Alex Rodriguez to a trainer/PED supplier after Rodriguez had asked where he could get steroids.

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  • Citation tools Download this article to citation manager Mantha S , Karp R , Raghavan V , Terrin N , Bauer K A , Zwicker J I et al. Assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic events in women taking progestin-only contraception: a meta-analysis BMJ 2012; 345 :e4944
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    The Mitchell Report also stated that interviews were requested of five MLB players who had spoken out publicly on the steroid issue. Of these players, only one, Frank Thomas , was willing to be interviewed. The Mitchell Report stated that there was no evidence that any of these five had used performance-enhancing drugs. Curt Schilling , one of the four players who declined to interview with Mitchell, explained that he denied Mitchell's request because he "would have nothing to offer" Mitchell's investigation "other than personal opinion and hypotheticals." [6]

    Confirmed steroid users

    confirmed steroid users

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  • Citation tools Download this article to citation manager Mantha S , Karp R , Raghavan V , Terrin N , Bauer K A , Zwicker J I et al. Assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic events in women taking progestin-only contraception: a meta-analysis BMJ 2012; 345 :e4944
    • BibTeX (win & mac) Download
    • EndNote (tagged) Download
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