In the 1970s, China normalized her relations with the United States through Ping Pong Diplomacy , and established diplomatic relations with the United States on January 1, 1979. The normalization finally led to the Chinese Olympic Committee 's return to the IOC on October 25, 1979.  Just three months later, China participated in the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, USA, its first appearance in 28 years since the 1952 Summer Olympics . China boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics at Moscow, USSR. Since the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, China has participated in all subsequent Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics.
The IOC adopted the Nagoya Resolution in November 1979 which called for the " Republic of China Olympic Committee " would have to change its name to the " Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee " and adopt a new flag and anthem if it wanted to participate in the Olympic Games. The ROC strongly disagreed with the decision and sued the IOC in Switzerland.  The ROC claimed that the conditions concerning its name, flag, and anthem violated articles 6, 64, and 66 of the Olympic Charter . However, despite appealing an initial court judgment, the ROC was not successful. On January 15, 1980, a Swiss court rejected the ROC effort to remain in the Olympic movement under the name of "Republic of China."